PERGESERAN GAYA PADA DESAIN FURNITUR INDONESIA ABAD KE-20 Studi Mengenai Pemberdayaan Nilai Estetis Menghadapi

Agus Sachari




Abstract


The symptom of cultural openness is generally marked by the presence of a freedom of cultural cross in various countries and this symptom has been observed for centuries. One of the influences of this cultural openness is the transition from the traditional society towards the modern society. The furniture is one of the daily artefacts that results during this transition process. Through the observation of cultural transformation, the furniture design works can be considered as the main variables to detect the synergic relationship between the aesthetic values in the design and the other aspects that acts as the key elements of the process of modernization, such as the change in the way of thinking, lifestyle, economic wisdom and the development of technology that occurred in Indonesia during the 20th century. This phenomenon in Indonesia is seen in the form of a cultural 'synthesis' that, as a whole, has been a part of the process of cultural transformation in the form of an aesthetic work that has been a significant mark in the modern design worldview, as well as the conceptual thinking that in context bases various design activities. Through observation of the movement of style in furniture design at the 20th century, the aesthetic value can, in future, act as a model for the development of aesthetic values in design works in Indonesia, especially in facing wider aspects of cultural openness.


Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia :

Gejala keterbukaan budaya secara umum ditandai oleh adanya kebebasan pelintasan antar budaya di berbagai negara dan hal itu telah berlangsung berabad-abad. Salah satu dampak keterbukaan yang terjadi adalah perubahan dari masyarakat tradisional ke arah masyarakat modern. Furnitur merupakan salah satu artifak sehari-hari yang dihasilkan selama proses perubahan itu berlangsung. Melalui pengkajian transformasi budaya, karya desain furnitur dapat dijadikan variabel utama untuk menditeksi hubungan sinergis antara nilai-nilai estetis pada karya desain dengan aspek lain yang menjadi unsur-unsur kunci proses modernisasi, seperti perubahan pola pikir, gaya hidup, kebijakan ekonomi dan perkembangan teknologi yang terjadi di Indonesia di abad ke-20. Fenomena tersebut di Indonesia teraga dalam bentuk 'sintesis' budaya yang telah menjadi bagian dari proses transformasi budaya bangsa secara keseluruhan, baik dalam bentuk karya estetis yang menjadi tanda penting dalam wacana desain modern, maupun pemikiran konseptual yang melandasi berbagai kegiatan desain secara kontekstual. Berdasar pengamatan terhadap pergeseran gaya desain furnitur diabad ke-20, nilai estetis dapat dijadikan model bagi pengembangan nilai-nilai estetis pada karya desain di Indonesia untuk masa yang akan datang, terutama dalam menghadapi aspek keterbukaan budaya yang lebih luas.

Kata kunci: pergeseran gaya, furnitur Indonesia, nilai estetis.


Keywords


movement of style, Indonesian furniture, aesthetic value.

Full Text: PDF

PETUNJUK PENULISAN ARTIKEL

TEMPLATE JURNAL DIMENSI INTERIOR

The Journal is published by The Institute of Research & Community Outreach - Petra Christian University. It available online supported by Directorate General of Higher Education - Ministry of National Education - Republic of Indonesia.

©All right reserved 2016.Dimensi Interior, ISSN: 1693-3532

web counter
View My Stats




Copyright © Research Center Web-Dev Team